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The Barnes Family

George Barnes is the first known person in the Barnes family. He was born in Attleborough, Nuneaton, Warwickshire, about 1811. The church at Attleborough had not been built at that time so he could have been baptised in the nearby village of Chivers Coton, but there is no evidence either way. It is not known whether he arrived in Aylesbury with his family as a child or whether he moved to Aylesbury by himself, but it is likely that the coal trade and the development of Aylesbury as it grew gradually more dependent on the industrial revolution were the important factors in the move. Local coal mines and a system of canals for moving the coal - or other heavy goods - had already created a web of communication over a large area of the Midlands. George is first found at his marriage in Aylesbury in 1834, which means he would have been there for some time previously.  He appears in the 1841 Census as a boatman and later as a coal carter.

George Barnes & Mary Hedges

Walton, Aylesbury & Whitchurch

Photos below are of Whitchurch where Mary was born

St John's, Whitchurch The earliest positive date for George is his marriage to Mary Hedges on Christmas Day 1834 in St Mary's, the parish church of Aylesbury. Mary was born in the village of Whitchurch, a few miles north of Aylesbury, about 1811 but the family had probably moved into Aylesbury some years before her marriage, part of the general drift into towns. St Mary's was then the only church in Aylesbury, Holy Trinity, the church in the hamlet of Walton only being opened in  1845. Interior of the church

Family of George Barnes & Mary Hedges

George and Mary had 9 children, all baptised in St Mary's parish church, Aylesbury:

  1. Richard Barnes chr. 22 Jul 1835 m. Susannah
  2. Samuel 'Barns' b. & chr. 1 Sep 1837 (son of George 'Barns' and Mary), d. Dec Q 1840
  3. William Barnes b. Jan 1840, chr. 10 Jan 1840 d. Jun Q 1871
  4. Mary Ann Barnes b. June & chr. 10 Jun 1842
  5. John Barnes chr. 5 Apr 1846 m. Mercy Scutchings
  6. James Barnes b. 28 Feb 1846 chr. 5 Apr 1846 m. Mary Jane Stockwell on 14 Aug 1867
  7. Thomas Barnes b. Jun Q 1848 chr. 7 Sep 1851
  8. Jane Elizabeth Barnes b. Jun Q 1850 chr. 7 Sep 1851
  9. Elizabeth Barnes b. abt 1853

Most of the dates above have been obtained from both the IGI and FreeBMD. It does appear that three of the children were baptised within days of their birth and that later the gap was much larger. The IGI gives the parents' names so can be considered more accurate here; the only birth certificate obtained to confirm the information is for James.

The Horse and Jockey (aka The Aristocrat)
The Horse and Jockey in the hamlet of Walton should not be confused with the larger one in Aylesbury itself, which is no doubt why in more recent times the Walton one was renamed as the Aristocrat. All references here are concerned only with the Aristocrat, the 'local' in Walton. It is occasionally difficult to know which is which, as for example when one was licensed before 1842, steeple chasing having begun in the area about 1835, and for which one a Beechey family held the license in 1851, but their origins must have been very similar. 
In 1851 George and Mary were living with their family on Walton St  and ran the Horse and Jockey there after 1851 as can be seen from a list of addresses given in the censuses.
George's age
born in -
Census 1841 P.O. 29 agricultural labourer Walton St not in Bucks
Census 1851 40 boatman Walton St Aylesbury
Census 1861 50 coal carter &
beerhouse keeper
Horse & Jockey Attleborough
Directories 1864-1869   beer retailer Horse & Jockey         "
Census 1871 64 coal labourer Walton St         "
Census 1881 70 general labourer 45 Walton St         "

Walton St, formerly a turnpike, runs south-eastwards from Market Square and by 1824 it was already built up all the way to the hamlet of Walton. The address is now given as Wendover Rd but this is continuous with Walton St. The open patch of land which was opposite is now reduced to a traffic island though it has given its name to the area as 'Walton Green'. It was approximately at the end of that branch of the Grand Union Canal, which was soon one of the most prosperous canals in the country. No. 43 was the Bear Inn. Walton parish church, and no. 42, the Baptist Chapel were on the opposite side. Most of the old houses in Walton St have long gone in various rebuilding and road-widening schemes. George and Mary's son John became a bricklayer - there was plenty of building work as Aylesbury was expanding very rapidly at this time - and their other sons were 'carters'.

Horse and Jockey

The Horse and Jockey was and is at no.3 Wendover Rd, but is now renamed as the Aristocrat, occupying nos 1-3 as can be seen in the photo. The name 'Horse and Jockey', from 1842, came from steeple-chasing which began in 1835 but the 'ale-house' is claimed to be 17th century. Thomas James Barnes was born here in 1868, though his parents had moved into a cottage facing the canal by 1891. In 1881 the 'ale house keeper' was an 'Army Pensioner Col. Sgt', (Colour Sergeant) William White. It now stands on the end of a large 'traffic island', such a busy junction that it is difficult to imagine what it was like when the Barnes family lived there. The address as just 'Walton' over the census years may apply to this ale-house, though the schedule for 1851 shows the Barnes family at no.150 and an innkeeper at 138 in the middle of 'Walton St'. In 1861* is named as the Horse and Jockey.

With thanks to a descendant of the Turney family for extra information which cleared up some confusion about locations

The Barnes family often had other relatives living with them. In 1841 and 1851 Mary's younger sister Elizabeth Hedges, born about two years after Mary, was living with them and working as a silk weaver, perhaps ever since they were married.
In 1861 they had another lodger in Mary Chandler, a plaiter, also born in Whitchurch and perhaps related. (The enumerator put 'Attleborough' for George's birthplace but 'N.K.' (not known) for the county but in 1871 another enumerator wrote 'Attleborough Worcestershire'.)  In 1871 their son John and his wife Mercy lived with them and then next door at no.47 in 1881 when George was given, correctly again, as born in Nuneaton, Warwickshire, Attleborough being by then a suburb of Nuneaton.

A plaiter would be a straw plaiter, a trade which is described in detail and illustrated with line drawings, along with silk weaving and lacemaking in Cottage Industries by Marjorie Filbee (David & Charles, 1982), a book of special interest to anyone practising these crafts today. The women usually worked at their trade at home, either selling their goods themselves or being paid for piecework, having been taught the rudiments at home from even as early as four years old. By 1884 at least, but perhaps much earlier, there was also a silk factory in Walton.
The canal had of course brought the coal barges, and with Attleborough being a coal mining district those two influences, of barges and coal, heavily influenced George's occupation in Aylesbury.

George and Mary were living at no.45 Walton St in 1881 and Jane, 29, a printer compositor was still at home. On the other side at no.43 was the 'Bear Inn', but the boundary between the parish of St Mary's, Aylesbury and the parish of Holy Trinity is marked in ink in the 1881 census as a thick line between the Bear Inn, no.43 (Sch.134) and George's house, no.45, (Sch.135) and the parish churches marked in the right hand margin usually reserved for handicaps. So this is of course also the boundary between Walton and Aylesbury.  On the other side of the road the boundary is marked near the Baptist Chapel at no.42. The image at this point has the house number cut off on the left side, but hopefully this will soon b rectified and more precise information given. The Baptist chapel is of interest because Mary Jane Stockwell, who married George's son James in 1867 in Holy Trinity Church, was formerly a Baptist.

Both George and Mary died in 1882, George in the Mar Q and Mary in the Sep Q.

Notes on the children of George Barnes & Mary Hedges

1. Richard became a railway guard in Islington, London, though his whereabouts in 1861 is still a mystery. He m. Susanna Galloway Pearce (or Pierce) dau. of John Pierce & Louisa Tyley. She was b.19 Aug 1839, chr. 8 Sep in the Workhouse Chapel at St Marylebone, and had 7 children. The 1871 census has Richard entered as Michael Bornes, but the rest of the family is correct. (As this is the enumerator's mistake, not the transcriber's. it is not possible to correct it and it applies to all the children as well in that census) They lived in Islington -: 1871 Palmerston Rd, 1881 61 Roden St, 1891-1901  52, Blundell Street, still Islington, but 1911, now a widower, and retired railway guard, with his daughter Euphemia at Compton Ho. Wetherill Rd New Southgate London< (N.Mdx)

    1. Henry George Barnes b. Dec Q 1860 in St Pancras, m. Martha Alice Baker in 1885 in Fulham; 3 children (Elsie Constance 1888, Henry George 1893, Florence Mabel 1894). The family appear in all subsequent censuses, still in St Pancras in 1911, Elsie working in a paper factory, Henry jun. a butcher (previously a warehouseman) and Florence working in a chemical factory.
    2. Richard Edward Barnes b. 1862, in Paddington, In 1881 Richard E. was living with his maternal grandmother, Susannah Biggestaff. He died Dec Q 1889
    3. Emily A.A. Barnes (Mar Q 1866 Islington) It seems Emily died in the Sep Q 1876 in St Pancras (initials not given). Her age is given as 9 but should have been 11.
    4. Euphemia Mary Barnes (Sep Q 1870), m. John William Smith on 16 Jul 1890 [Free BMD Islington Vol 1b p.465]; living at 73 Lennox Rd in Islington 1891.In 1901 John is listed as 'Railway Ballast Train Guard', living at 5 South Rd, Southgate, Mdx. Not very surprisingly John was working on the railway, as a platelayer's labourer. In 1911 the family was living in 7 rooms at Compton Ho. Wetherill Rd, New Southgate London (N.Mdx) with their eleven surviving children (names and dates available if required) out of 12 altogether by then. John and son William were working as milk carriers for the firm of Davey & Son and Harold was a porter in a drapery store.A link online suggests that one at least of the children emigrated to the States and married into the Mayo family of Missouri.
    5. Ernest James Barnes (Sep Q 1874) was a seaman in the Royal Navy by 1901, a boarder in Sheerness. Not identified in 1911, but perhaps at sea. A probable match is an Ernest James who married in the Jul Q 1904 in Lewisham but with two 'candidates' for his wife, an Emma or an Emily, the names are too common to find without the presence of Ernest.
    6. Alfred Thomas Barnes (Jun Q 1879)  was a railway porter in 1901, still 'at home' at 52 Blundell St aged 22; by 1911 he was a railway signalman having married Nellie Short in 1906 at St Michael-at-Bowes in the London borough of Enfield. Later he became a Railway Station Foreman. He died in 1946 aged 67. Alfred and Nellie had just one son, Cecil.
    7. Percival Charles Barnes (Sep Q 1881) 'at home' aged 9 in 1891, d. Mar Q 1900 (Islington Vol.1b p.225) said to be 22,
'Susanna Galloway Barnes' died in Islington in the Jun Q 1904, age indistinct, but the Free BMD guess at 65 would be correct. Richard went to live with his daughter Euphemia and her husband John William Smith and their eleven children in Friern Barnet by 1911, being then 75. (Details on request) Return.

2. Samuel Barnes was baptised on 1 Sep 1840 and is given as son of George 'Barns' and Mary, and he was also registered as born in the Sep Q 1837 [Aylesbury Vol.6 p.242].. The only discrepancy is in the IGI spelling of 'Barns' but the spellings were not theirs and spelling was not yet considered important. His death is given on Free BMD in the Dec Q 1840 [Aylesbury Vol.6 p.240], at the age of 3 and too early for him to figure on a census. Return

3. William Barnes' last appearance is on the 1871 census where he is described as a 'coal labourer' at the age of 31. He died in the Jun Q of 1871 in Aylesbury,

4.. An entry in Chepping Wycombe for a house servant, Mary Ann Barnes, aged 18, could refer to her - name and age are correct - but her birthplace is given as Great Marlow which is not, as she was definitely born in Walton, Aylesbury. She was a witness at the marriage of her brother James in 1867 along with Joseph Lovegrove, an agricultural labourer who had been living in Aylesbury at least since the 1861 census. In 1871 she was in Tottenham, Mdx, along with sister Jane, both as nurses in the household of a George Price. The March Q 1874 finds her marrying Joseph Lovegrove at Stourbridge in Worcestershire, (on the west side of Birmingham). Joseph came from that area, having been born at Meriden in Warwickshire, (east of Birmingham) in the Jun Q 1843. It was to be a brief marriage, but over the next few years she had 4 children before  Joseph died in the Mar Q 1881.
___Mary Ann is listed as a widow on the 1881 census, then living at 18 New St, Dudley, (not far north of Stourbridge). By 1891 (probably by 1883) she had returned to Aylesbury, living there on Exchange St with her three surviving children, Alice G., 16, a printer compositor, Kate 14, a seamstress stated to have a weak spine, and Joseph junr, 10. Lizzie Laura, born in 1879 had been with her mother in Dudley in 1881 but died in Aylesbury in 1883 aged 4. Perhaps they stayed at first with other relatives as George and Mary Barnes, Mary Ann's parents, had both died in 1882 . Perhaps Mary's sister Jane offered help - she was living with them at 21 Exchange St, Aylesbury at the time of the 1891 census. Mary Ann was still living in Aylesbury in 1901 along with Kate, now aged 24 and a dressmaker, and Joseph Wilfred, 20, who was an 'accountant clerk'. Their address was '22, Exchange St' but it could still be the same house if affected by the GPO reorganization in the 1890s. Both mother and daughter were working on their 'own account', i.e. self-employed. [Jane was not at no.21. Next door at no.24 was a William Lovegrove, 57, and his wife, both born in Aylesbury.]
___Mary Ann was still living in the same house in 1911 with just her daughter Kate who was now evidently supporting her with her dressmaking. They were presumably reasonably comfortable with six rooms for just the two of them. Mary Ann must have filled in the return as she entered details of her children - by mistake as she was now a widow, but she tells us she had had five children of whom three were still living. Alice Gertrude, 16, Kate 14 ,and Joseph 10 living with her in 1891 are the 3 surviving. [Lizzie b.1878 d. 1883 and Emily Jane was b. & d. Mar Q 1880] . Kate never married and died in Aylesbury in 1943.
Alice was at last found fairly easily, identified by her 2nd name of Gertrude! She was a schoolmistress in Walthamstow in 1901 but had returned 'home' to Aylesbury to be married in the Jun Q 1903 to Algernon Drewitt, a commercial traveller in the Corn Trade. They were living in Hersham, Walton upon Thames in 1911 with their two children, Gerald Walton (1905) and Kathryn Mary Louise (1909).
Joseph married Kate Mary Simons (b.Thame, Oxon. abt 1883) in the Sep Q 1910 and in 1911 was living at 4 Kings Rd Aylesbury. Joseph and Kate (nee Simons) had two children, (confirmed by their mother's maiden name), Wilfred H. Sep Q 1911 and Sidney C. Sep Q 1916
Mary Ann d. Dec Q 1930, aged 88, in Aylesbury, as far as is known the longest surviving child of George and Mary by many years. Return

5. John Barnes married Mercy Scutchings (b. 1844) on 27 Mar 1865 [IGI] and they lived next door to John's father at no.47 Walton St. On the 1871 census John was listed as a 'jobbing labourer' and in 1881 as a 'coal dealer'. He had been a bricklayer for a time, as given on the 1861 census but seemed to alternate between labouring and dealing with coal - which might still have been the same job. There were no children of the marriage. Mercy died in the Jun Q 1887 Aylesbury Vol.3a p.365] and John was a widower for over 20 years before he died in the Dec Q 1909 [Aylesbury Dec Q 1909, Vol.3a p.53 aged 74]. Return

6. James Barnes m. Mary Jane Stockwell See below

7. Thomas Barnes was listed as a coal dealer - a similar occupation to most of the men of the family - on the 1871 census at the age of 22 and was then still single. He has not been found in the censuses of 1881 or 1891 and a search through deaths or marriages of a Thomas in Aylesbury between 1871 and 1881 has failed to find him. Perhaps, like his older brother William, he joined the army or emigrated. Return

8. Jane Barnes, born Jun Q 1851, was still living at home with her parents on Walton St in 1881, now aged 29, a printer/compositor. The firm of Hazell, Watson and Viney from London had opened a new printing works in Aylesbury in 1867 where Jane may have worked, not a long walk from home, probably along the canal.

The date of 1852 given for her birth shows that she was the plain 'Jane Barnes' born 1851 - definitely not 1850. The 2nd name does not appear in any census. A record of the birth of a Jane Elizabeth Barnes is dated as the Jun Q 1850, also in Aylesbury! However no Jane or even Jane Elizabeth Barnes appears on the 1851 census in Aylesbury. Mary, Jane's mother, was at home, along with her unmarried sister, Elizabeth Hedges, the 'visitor' who had perhaps come to help as Mary must then have been heavily pregnant with Jane! No satisfactory record has been found for a 'Jane Elizabeth' even without the 2nd name.

Jane was 'at home' with her parents in 1881 and still single, but in 1891 she was living with her widowed sister, Mary Ann Lovegrove (see above) at 12 Exchange St, Aylesbury.[RG number:RG12 Piece:1145 Folio:127 Page:35]. She may have married (at over 40?) or died by 1901 as she has not yet been found (by 2013) Return

9. Elizabeth Barnes was not Eliza Elizabeth born 1853 as previously thought. (An Eliza Elizabeth's marriage has been checked and does not agree either, and there is no evidence for the 'Eliza') . Elizabeth Barnes (as plain, 'Elizabeth') was born in (Walton) Aylesbury about 1854 and appears with the family aged 7 in 1861. By the age of 17 in 1871 she was living in Pembury Villas, Tottenham, Mdx and working as a nurse along with Mary Ann in the household of a George Price, commercial clerk ('Russia merchant'). Mary Ann returned to Aylesbury but Elizabeth has not been found and if she married and/or died in London her name is far too common to find her Return

Family of James Barnes & Mary Jane Stockwell

James Barnes married Mary Jane Stockwell on 14 Aug 1867 at Holy Trinity Church, Walton. Mary Jane, known as Polly, was born in Chinnor, Oxfordshire, but was living in Aylesbury by this time, her parents having moved to the baker's shop in Kingsbury (see the Stockwell family). The witnesses were James' sister Mary Ann, now 25, and Joseph Lovegrove, (then 24) a bricklayer, who lived at 55 Walton Rd. (This road links at right angles to Walton St in Walton Green). Joseph Lovegrove and Mary Ann married in 1874 (details above)

James became a coal dealer master, his address in 1861 being given as 1 Walton Green. By this time Walton St must already have been largely built up, judging by the house numbers, but this was probably what is now called 'ribbon development'. Originally Walton Green was a hamlet close to but not part of Aylesbury, with green fields between. Although the population had doubled since 1800, until the middle of the century Aylesbury was still roughly the same size. Now the scene began to change very rapidly.

As will be seen later the Barnes family soon became involved in the new industries arriving in the town. In 1870 the Condensed Milk factory (now Nestles) opened on Tring Rd next to the canal and with its own wharf and by 1880 it was employing 150 people. The printing firm of Hazell, Watson and Viney began as Hazell's printing works, a branch of the London firm, opening in 1867. In 1879 it moved to new buildings on the Tring Rd.and by the 1880s had about 400 employees. Between them and two later companies that came at the turn of the century they were for a long time the principal employers in the town. They not only drew people from the neighbourhood but many moved from elsewhere, like many of those from Hazell's in London. Between them these firms also provided a workplace where most of the family met their future husbands and wives!

James and Polly had eleven children over the following twenty years, most if not all being born at 1 Walton Green

Correction: not at the Horse & Jockey as previously thought owing to confusion about the addresses (see above). Although George was definitely the licensee for some years, there is no evidence at present that his son James ever was. In 1881 the 'ale house keeper' was William White, an Army Pensioner.

  1. Thomas James Barnes b. 2 Jun 1868, m. Ada Beatrice Cope 22 Sep 1889 d. 28 Sep 1946 (photo); 7 children
  2. George Barnes b. Jun/Q 1870 (see the Ghost Story below) m. Emily Adams Sep Q 1897; 2 children
  3. Elizabeth Martha Barnes b. Dec/Q 1871 m. Thomas Curd Sep Q 1895; 8 children
  4. Joseph Barnes 1873-1878
  5. William Barnes 1874-1875
  6. James Barnes b. Dec Q 1876 m.Elizabeth Hedges Sep Q 1899; 1 daughter
  7. Kate Barnes b. Dec Q 1878
  8. Henry Barnes b. Mar Q 1880 m. Daisy Smith Mar Q 1909; Henry d.1949
  9. William Barnes b. Mar Q 1884 m. Alice Cook Dec Q 1915; 3 children
  10. Mary Jane Barnes b. 1886 ('Jenny') m. Gus Turney Dec Q 1908; 4 children
  11. Frederick Barnes b. Jun/Q 1888 (photo) d. on the Somme, 23 Jul 1916

The two boys given as nos.4 & 5 are not proved - they 'fill the gap' and represent two who died.

Go to the Barnes photos to see the six sons at a wedding, perhaps in 1908.

A sidelight on life in Walton Green was given by James' granddaughter Ethel who repeated a family story about another Barnes family, only the wife's name, Emily being known. Apparently the couple could be heard by all their neighbours in the street 'rowing throughout Walton'. James and Mary Jane obviously did not want to be associated with them!

James's wife, Mary Jane Stockwell, had a 1st cousin John Brazell living at 14 Albert St with wife Bessie and three children, Katie, Bessie and Daisy. Like James Barnes he too was a 'coal merchant, master'.

James and Mary Jane moved to Canal Terrace and their daughter Jennie (also Mary Jane) lived next door. This was at nos. 21 and 22, 'facing on to the canal and the white bridge'. These houses must have only just been built then but have now long gone. The canal itself, figured largely in the family's history. Thomas, the eldest son, and no doubt the others too, used to swim in it. It was also the scene of an incident which was not reported in the papers but was certainly dramatic enough when Kate rescued a child from the canal. She used to joke about being famous for it, but unfortunately she and the child were the only witnesses.

Footnote to these two families, of George and his son James: It is worth noting that in spite of it being a very common name there were in all only three Barnes families in Aylesbury in 1881. The third family was living only a few doors away at 5 Walton Green when James was at no.1, listed as Joseph B. 'Sherman or Barnes' who was 39 and born in Aylesbury. After listing the wife the same way the enumerator gave up and listed all the children as Barnes. Joseph Birch Barnes was 39, born in Aylesbury, and his wife Mary A. was 34, born in Stoke Mandeville. They had 4 children, Rufus 10, Kate 7, Jane 5, and Alice 9 months. Also living with them were Joseph's mother, Elizabeth, 65, born in Chesham, and his married sister, Henrietta Edwards, 22, with her son Albert aged 2. There doesn't appear to be any connection between Joseph and the other two families and there is evidence of various other Barnes in Aylesbury in other years. Census indexes are not always accurate - for 1911 no Barnes were given as living in Aylesbury although it was known that several of the family were definitely there - but eventually found with some effort! (Details below) Some people moved frequently, but sometimes the name of the road or the house numbers changed, especially with postal reorganisation in the 1890s partly due to new buildings in the many gaps.

A Charles Scutchings aged 38 lived at 66 Walton St in 1881, an unusual name so perhaps a brother of John's wife Mercy?

At No 1 Walton Place was George Eborn. His brother, William Henry Eborn married Ann Stockwell, James Stockwell's daughter by his first wife and was therefore aunt to Mary Jane (Polly) Stockwell. Although George was not therefore related to the Barnes family himself they could have been acquainted.

At 12 Market Square were Stockwell cousins, the family of Isaac Stockwell (dec), the draper from Chinnor. Isaac's wife Elizabeth was carrying on the business with her son Thomas Umphrey Stockwell, 1st cousin of James Stockwell, father of Mary Jane (nee Stockwell) Barnes. (see the Stockwell family)

At 52 Kingsbury Square were Brazells, 1st cousins of Mary Jane's Brazell relatives through her aunt Martha, (cousins of cousins) now running James Stockwell's baker's shop.

James Barnes died in 1897, then confusingly, Mary Jane (Polly) appears on the 1901 census as 'Martha J.' Other (full) names are given correctly, Kate, Henry, William, Mary J. and Frederick, all still living at home. There was also James and Polly's granddaughter Annie Jessie (Barnes) b.1892 in Aylesbury and still living with her grandparents in 1901 and 1911, a puzzle as her Barnes parent has not yet been identified. It could only be one of the first three. If Thomas or George she should have been born in Lambeth or Newington, but Elizabeth who married and went to live in Kent in 1895, is the 3rd possible parent, aged 21 in 1892. The rest must be ruled out as James was only 15 and Kate 13 etc.

The 1911 census has Mary Jane listed correctly and also the information about the extra two births and deaths. Polly entered that detail in error, being by then a widow and therefore not required to do so. (These were the only two births that would fit here and the other gaps between the children are too small for more children) . Kate was still working as a 'book folders forewoman' and she and William, now 37 and working in a milk factory (Nestle's?) were supporting their mother. Annie, now using her second name, Jessie was also working in the milk factory.

As a schoolboy, Walter, one of Polly's grandsons, used to ride out by bicycle regularly from the Harrow area to visit Polly, his grandmother - he was very fond of her but was reputed to be rather a tease - and returned home on at least one occasion, 'his bike weighed down by bluebells'.  'Polly' died in 1922, surviving her husband by 25 years.

The children of James Barnes & Mary Jane Stockwell

According to Thomas James they only had 6 children altogether, all being alive at the 1911 census. The 7th, Charlie, was born in the Sep Q of that year. Ethel b. 1897 has therefore been removed as not theirs.

Thomas Barnes left home to join the Guards and the story is told that he climbed up into the belfry of Holy Trinity church, Walton, with a friend where they carved their army numbers on the bells. Whether this particular story is true has yet to be discovered but his army record has him enlisting at the age of 17 - giving his age as 18! His army career was short-lived for he had problems with his chest and breathing and was declared unfit for service within the year. The army recommended a more 'sedentary' occupation, so he returned to working as a bookbinder for Eyre and Spottiswoode where he remained for over fifty years before retiring.

Thomas died in 1945 in North Wales, having gone there from Brixton at the time of the Blitz. One of his daughters remarked that he moved 7 times in as many years. He is also said to have played the organ in church - possibly at Pinner near Harrow? See the Cope family for more about his wife Ada. Return

Thomas James Barnes and Ada Beatrice Cope married on 22 Sep 1889. In 1891 they were living at 88, Park Street, Southwark, their eldest child, Edith being 9 months old. There was also an unexpected child listed as 'adopted', an Alfred Ballard aged 4, who does not reappear with them in 1901. It is assumed that 'adopted' was a term used rather loosely at the time so they might just have been caring for him for a while. Their other children were Ida 1892, Walter 1895, Gertrude 1898, Amy 1902, Alecia Ethel (1906) and Edward Charles (1908), the last two known by their middle names. Walter also had the 'ancestral' name of Stockwell.

If this photo was taken in Dec 1908
Thomas (centre front) was 40
George was 38 (front right - 'the 'one with the twinkly eyes'?)
James was 32
Henry was 28
William was 24 (back right)
Fred (centre back ) was about 20 (only 11 in 1899)
They seem to be arranged with the older 3 at the front, which suggests a daughter's wedding as the groom would surely sit in the centre front.

Family Weddings: (buttonholes!)
Sep 22 1889 Lambeth Thomas Barnes & Ada Cope
Sep Q 1895 Lambeth Kate Barnes & Thomas Curd
Sep Q 1897 Aylesbury George Barnes & Emily Adams
Sep Q 1899 Aylesbury James Barnes & Elizabeth Hedges
Dec Q 1908 Aylesbury Mary Jane Barnes & Gus Turney
Mar Q 1909 Aylesbury Henry Barnes & Daisy Smith
Dec Q 1915 Aylesbury William Barnes & Alice Cook

2. George Barnes was a bookbinder in Aylesbury (not a printer as previously stated) . He married Emily Adams in the Sep Q 1897. She was born in Monks Risborough, and working in Aylesbury as a book folder. Their first child, George Frank, known as Frank, was born in the Dec Q 1898 in Aylesbury, but by 1901 they were living at 25 Finchley Rd, Newington and Frank was with his grandparents, William and Lucy Adams in Monks Risborough. He was presumably back home at least soon after his sister Florence Emily was born in 1902, if not well before. In the 1911 census her age is given as 8, born in South Bermondsey, but the only possible record gives the registration district as Greenwich and the date as the Dec Q 1902 so she was actually 9.  George appears on the wedding photo (perhaps dated about 1908). Later he lived on the Peabody Estate at Herne Hill and in Rosendale Rd. in Brixton (?), though in which order and at what time is not known. (information given by his niece, Ethel) Frank lived at Brockwell Park and worked as a printer for Eyre and Spottiswood, the same firm as his uncle, Thomas. Frank is said to have seen a ghost, a man in white, standing by his bed. Soon after - it must have been about 1816 - at the age of 18, he died, being poisoned with printer's ink in his leg. George's daughter Florence (Florrie) lived in the flats on London Rd, Brixton, near her uncle Thomas on Rosendale Rd about 1920. She died having her tonsils out. Return

3. A family mystery about 'cousins in Wateringbury' was solved by the following: Elizabeth Martha (Lizzie) was working in Aylesbury in 1891 as a general domestic servant for the family of George Green, builder and contractor. In 1895 she married Thomas Curd, son of George and Harriet, b.1873 in Wateringbury, nr Maidstone, Kent,  a journeyman bricklayer (who perhaps worked for George Green for a while?). They had nine children, Winifred 1897, Aubrey Thomas 1899, Florence May 1901, Lilian Maud 1901, Ernest Francis 1903, Henry Thomas 1905, Roy Stockwell 1906 and Olive Mary 1909. (The Greens had a baby called Aubrey). See here for photos which may include some of this family along with children and grandchildren of Thomas James Barnes. Do you recognise anyone? Return

4 & 5. Joseph and William died at about 5 and one year old respectively.

6. Another new discovery and an additional intriguing mystery! James Barnes was a confectioner's errand boy in 1891, living at home, at 9 Walton Place, but by 1899 when he married Elizabeth Hedges.he was working as a printer compositor like his Aunt Jane Barnes. The 1901 census shows them with their only child, Constance Ellizabeth Barnes born in 1900. Two of Elizabeth's younger brothers, James 19 and and Thomas 17, were boarding with them. The possible connections are shown on the Hedges family page. James Barnes appears on the wedding photo of the 6 Barnes brothers. So far only 3 have been identified positively. Return

7. Kate does not appear to be a nickname as it's the only one on her birth record and she was always known by that name. She became a printer's bookfolder and binder first in Aylesbury in 1901 and later at Port Sunlight on the Wirral (Cheshire). She sounds a lively girl. She wanted to be in the wedding photo with her brothers but her mother objected, saying the girls would "spoil it with their hats''. It is unlikely that she ever married. A search for deaths of a Kate Barnes in Cheshire produced two somewhat dubious results for either the district or her age, one in 1926 giving an age 14 years out and the other in 1954 5 years out. Return

8. Henry - always known as Harry - was still 'at home' in the 1901 census, working as a 'print compositor'. It was said that he went to work for Chippendale's, the furniture makers, but whether in London or Aylesbury is not known. He married Daisy Smith, bookfolder, born in Aylesbury in the Mar Q 1909 and they were living at 8 Stock Lake with 5 rooms (inc. the kitchen). 'Stocklake' must then have been a newly-developing suburb of Aylesbury on the NW side, now a mixture of houses, shops and industrial estate. Return

9. William - known as Will - worked as an ironmonger's assistant at the age of 17 but then moved to the Milk Factory (NestlÚs) . He married Alice Cook in 1915 and had 3 children, Ena, Fred and Bert. Fred married and had issue (information from a descendant for which many thanks) Return

10. Jenny's marriage and subsequent history was known but for a long time she could not be traced in the censuses. Eventually it came to light that her 'real' name was Mary Jane, but she was called Jenny (presumably to distinguish her from her mother who was known as 'Polly') In 1901 she was working, like so many of the family, in the printing industry, as a bookfolder/binder, then she married 'Gus Turney' who was born in Aylesbury in 1884 and was a carpenter at the condensed milk factory, then Nestles. Later he transferred to their factory at Carlisle where he 'cleaned out the vats' according to Ethel. They lived next door to the Barnes family on Canal Terrace, at nos.21 & 22 about 1900 to 1910, and perhaps later. They had at least four children and quite a few known descendants, one of whom worked at a nuclear power station (Sellafield?) and others in Bolton, Lancashire. Return


This photo of Fred is taken from the one of all six brothers. With his fair hair and no moustache, being then only about 16-18, he is the only one easily recognised.

Frederick Barnes, born in Aylesbury in the Jun Q 1888, was still living with his now widowed mother in 1901, but by 1911 he had moved to live with his brother George at Herne Hill in London.  Fred was said by his niece Ethel to have been killed on the Somme and this was later confirmed by the Commonwealth War Graves Commission website.l

He enlisted in London in 1916 as a private in the "1st/1st Bucks Bn, Oxford and Bucks Light Infantry" and was sent to fight on the Somme. He died in the attack of Sunday, 23 Jul 1916 and is buried at Orvillers Military Cemetery in France, his name being engraved on the War Memorial there. He was aged 28.

The CWGC site gives only a general account in these instances in which hundreds of infantrymen were killed but the sequence of terrible events on the Somme is well documented in many books and in websites on military history, with details and maps of the actions in which the various regiments were involved. Return