The earliest positive record of the Jackson family begins in 1753 with the birth of William Jackson in the little village of Upton Grey in Hampshire. It is a picturesque village, little changed for a century or more, in pretty rolling and well-wooded countryside about five miles from Basingstoke. In Williamís time it was perhaps not quite so pretty - the thatched cottages were built only at the end of the nineteenth century by a local man with humanitarian principles. Many of the older houses are not whitewashed but are of brick with supporting inset wooden beams. Their proximity to London puts such houses into the luxury class today. Nothing is known about the cottage in which William grew up but no doubt it was smaller and more primitive, without running water and no lighting other than rushes dipped in oil.
It is not known where William was born but his age matches with a William Jackson born in the neighbouring village of Herriard in 1754 and baptised on 31 Mar 1754, son of Richard Jackson and Elizabeth. Unfortunately there were two marriages for a Richard Jackson and an Elizabeth within a few years of each other. Were there two Richards - or just one with two marriages? The details are as follows:
Richard Jackson m. Elizabeth Lovatt 29 May 1748 [M139371]
Richard Jackson m. Elizabeth Harris on 28 Nov 1751 [M139371]
Richard was buried on 1 Jan 1799 at Herriard.
Elizabeth (nee Harris) d. 19 May 1805 in Herriard
Richard and 'Elizabeth' had two children: William 1754 and Sarah
1766 [both in FHL No.1041307]
The evidence for either marriage being relevant is inconclusive.
It was originally stated that William was an agicultural labourer, but the written evidence for that is not recorded and is being re-researched. He married twice. His first marriage was to Hannah Holdaway on October 10th 1776. and they had two children, both baptised at St Mary's, Upton Grey.
i. Elizabeth, chr. 26 November 1776 .d. 1778, bur. 1 February 1778 at St Mary's, Upton Grey, aged 14 mths.
ii Daniel chr. 17 May 1778 ; d. after 1806 (yet to be found)
*Daniel was a witness with Sarah Holdaway to 2 marriages in Upton Grey:
Richard King m. Elizabeth Holdaway 29 Nov 1806
George White m. Martha Langford 18 Dec 1806 (not part of the White family below)
and an unknown Jane Jackson was a witness in Upton Grey in 1833.
. Hannah was buried in St Mary's, Upton Grey on 1 January 1779.
Whether there were any of Williamís family living around Upton Grey we do not know, but there were quite a number of Holdaways alongside Longs and Bakers.
William's 2nd wife, Ann, died in Upton Grey on 25 Jul 1827 and was buried on the 31st.
William Jackson died on 4 Dec 1836 in Upton Grey and was buried there on 19 Dec 1836 (his grave being numbered and recorded by the parish) - this was at least 10 years after his son George had gone to live in the West Country.
Village pond in Upton Grey
Williamís second wife, Ann, (surname
unknown) was born in 1757 or 1758. The date of the marriage is not known
at present, but although she was old enough to look after Daniel Jackson
when his mother died it is more probable that he was brought up by one
of his Holdaway relatives.
At that time all children, regardless of their parentsí religious persuasion, had to be christened in the parish church and all marriages had also to be conducted in the village church. In his later years it becomes increasingly evident that George was a Catholic, but whether his own parents were is unknown. The main difficulty faced by Jacksons in Upton Grey if they were Catholics at that time would be the lack of religious support. The nearest chapel or resident priest (known at present) would be in Basingstoke, rather too far for regular attendance! There could have been a number of itinerant priests, though they generally depended on some great house with the use of a chapel at times. Information is still being unearthed and the rapid growth of computerised records will undoubtedly shed more light on the subject in the future. Another possible solution with George being a Catholic - which he definiately was in later life (also being buried in a Catholic graveyard), is considered below
Every census record of George Jackson clearly states that he was born in Upton Grey in Hampshire, his age is correct, matching his baptism, from 1851 onwards, (the 1841census having rounded everyone's age down to the nearest 5 years), so this identification is quite secure.
Unfortunately thiese are the only photos of either that have survived. I last saw another photo of George hanging next to this one on the wall in my grandfather's house about 1945-6. (I did not see any photo of Mary Ann at that time, and knew nothing of either.) In the missing photo George was wearing a countryman's smock over other clothes and his beard was twice as long and rather wispy at the end! I don't know if both of the photos above were taken at the same time, but probably not or the couple would surely have been taken together. (These are photos of photos and have not been dated. George was 82 when he died in 1879 and Mary was about 79 when she died in 1882)
George Jackson married Mary Ann White born in 1803 in Up Nateley a neighbouring village,.but, as has recentlly been discovered, Mary (Ann) was living in Upton Grey from about 1806-7. (She was found by a White cousin but only as 'Mary' so perhaps the 'Ann' was added by George. (And perhaps it was common practice to add it as a term of endearment) Her father was still in Upton Grey in 1839 - there's no evidence of a move away or back again - which was long after the Mary Ann's marriage. (See the White family). There were two Jackson children.
However, George and Mary Ann were not married in Upton Grey, nor in Devon where they were living soon after, but in Brown Candover, Hampshire, on June 24th 1826 to the west of Upton Grey. Brown Candover is the last of the Candovers, just east of the M3 and strung out along on what is now a rather meandering B road to Winchester, being much nearer to Winchester than Basingstoke. There is no longer any doubt of this being correct, but why there is still not known. Perhaps it was Mary Ann who was resident in Brown Candover, and as a servant. They were married by license for which they could have had several reasons; they might wish to avoid having to attend three consecutive Sunday services at which banns were read out, or George had to arrange everything in a hurry as he couldn't just 'take time off work' - he was a gamekeeper for the whole of his life and presumably had been apprenticed as a boy. So far there is no evidence of his employment in Hampshire though records have been put online for Devon, as listed below.
The marriage record states that George was 'of East Quantoxhead' which is in Somerset where the Quantock Hills slope quite steeply to the Bristol Channel a few miles east of Minehead. The manor house had been held by the Luttrell family for centuries and was known as the Court Hall., Who was living there in the period to 1826 is unknown but it is the right kind of estate to need a gamekeeper. George could have been there for a few years before 1826 and it looks as though this was the reason for a marriage by license. By this time George was nearly 30 which means he had been working for many years, though he could of course have been in Hampshire or elsewhere for several years before travelling west. Mary Ann was 24, old enough for them to have been courting for some time. George was literate and there is enough evidence later - even without surviving letters - to show that he - or Mary Ann - must have written to both Emma and Albert after they left home in the fifties. If Mary Ann was also literate communication would be easy .By that time the penny-post ran from just about every town, only properly organised as one system in 1839, but it had been in operation for well over a century.
Within the next twelve months - if not immediately - George and Mary Ann were living in the village of Washfield, a short distance north-west of Tiverton where their first child, Emma, was born 11 months after their wedding, being baptised in the parish church there on their first anniversary.
It has been known for a long time that George and Mary Ann lived first in Washfield as Emma was born there, but although there is now more information available only the following dates, listed together for convenience are definite.
up to 1826 before the wedding - George resident at East Quantoxhead,
25 Jun 1826 Marriage by license of George Jackson (of East Quantoxhead) to Mary Ann White at Brown Candover, Hampshire, not far from Upton Grey.
The move from East Quantoxhead, Somerset to Washfield, Devon between 25 Jun 1826 and 25 May 1827
25 May 1827 Birth of Mary Ann at Worth House, Washfield, Devon
25 Jun 1827 Christeniing of Mary Ann at Washfield parish church
18 Sep & 11 Oct 1827 - certificates for George as registered gamekeeper in Washfield
Sep - Oct 1829 list of assessed servants of John .F.Worth and another certificate.
The move from Washfield to Templeton between 1829 and 1835
14 Jul 1835 Birth of Albert Jackson at Lower South Combe Farm, Templeton (see Jackson2)
Jan 1837 'Jackson shot a rabbit at my request' from a letter by Miss Eliza Chichester in Beverley Record Office, Yks.
(See Jackson2Jackson2 for details )
The Worth family had been Lords of the Manor of Washfield since the Middle Ages.and owned most of the village. George's employer was John F.Worth who lived at Worth House (not the original house - it had been rebuilt at least once) and the village was referred to sometimes as 'Worth, alias Washfield'. A typical arrangement was an elegant manor-house with a number of tied cottages grouped round, or even attached to the main house as was also the practice at many a farm, the cottages rarely having individual names. A gamekeeper normally lived rent-free in a 'tied' cottage. (Anyone living in a tied cottage, whether paying rent or not, would have to move on leaving his employment. So, as was normal, the address given for Emma's birth is in her record as 'Worth, Washfield.'
George would certainly have had some kind of apprenticeship, he would be used to being out in all weathers, caring for game birds, setting traps for animals - man-traps and spring guns were banned by law from 1827 - and he would carry a gun (for his own safety as well as for shooting rabbits), perhaps the odd tool for repairing fences etc. He could also read and write and keep accurate records. Apart from the cottage 'perks' of the life meant he would be able to cut wood for his own use (which carried a heavy penalty for anyone else), collect bark (a source of tannin used in preparing leather for shoes, but in Templeton at least he accounts for the bark), shoot birds or rabbits to eat, be able to keep chickens (or even a pig), grow vegetables and so on. In Templeton later George had both a 'garden and nursery', the latter for breeding the game-birds. Perhaps he had something similar, but smaller, in Washfield.
The new information tabulated below is the earliest proof obtained that George was working as a gamekeeper.. The source is an online list of 'Gamekeepers and holders of Game Certificates' first published in Trewman's Exeter Flying Post. (but, unfortunately, none is available from counties such as Somerset or Hampshire).
reg. no of the license
|18 September 1827||J.F.Worth Esq.||Y3200663526|
|11 October 1827||J.F.Worth Esq.||Y3200662657|
|15 October 1829||J.F.Worth Esq.||Worth & all other lands
i.e. in Washfield
20 September -
|J.F.Worth Esq.||'Assessed servants'||each 'certificate' given cost £1. 5s. (though it's not clear who paid this!)|
Their son Albert was born at South Combe Farm in Templeton in 1835 and was baptised in the parish church on the 5h of August 1835 three weeks later. So George was by then already employed by Joseph Chichester, (grandson of the Chichesters of the Barnstaple area) as South Combe Farm was one of many of his properties in Templeton.
(The word 'combe' means a deep wooded hollow and is common throughout England in place-names. In Devon it is frequently spelt 'coomb' or 'coombe' on maps and some records but the spelling used here, 'combe' is as used by George in his account book - from Hampshire?)
George's story continues on Jackson3 and Jackson4, according to where they lived and finally in Sussex included in the story of their daughter Emma.
Below is an account of the White family, with many thanks to Miranda, a cousin from that line who has provided conclusive proof that their names and details, not included before as being too speculative, are in fact correct.
David White was born about 1777 in Greywell, Hampshire and married Jane Hoskins, born in the same village about 1781 on 18 April 1802. They had 5 children, the first two born in Up Nately (although Mary Ann is sometimes said in the census to have been from Nately Scures and once from Upton Grey
Upton Grey as Mary's birthplace would be incorrect of course, but as the place where she grew up it's obviously 'correct'. The place from which a person comes is usually understood to mean their birthplace but it's often the first place they can remember! 'Nately Scures' is very close to Up Nately but cut off now by the M3. They could have lived between the two.
2. Mary Ann White & George Jackson
married in Brown Candover Hants on 24 Jun 1826
i. Emma Jackson b. 25 May 1827 chr. 24 Jun 1827 Washfield Devon; m. George Mason, 5 Sep 1855 in Slindon, Sussex; 7 children
ii. Albert Jackson b. 14 Jul 1835 Templeton Devon, chr. 5 Aug 1835; m. Margaret Mernin 20 Nov 1866 in Allahabad, Bengal, India; Margaret had 3 children of whom two must have died. With Albert she had one son, George b.1868
3. Elizabeth White & Samuel Burrows/Burroughs
married in Heckfield, Hampshire, on 13 April 1830
i. William Burrows chr. 6 Aug 1837 Heckfield Hants
ii. Edward Burrows chr. 29 Sep 1839 Heckfield wth Mattingley
iii. Eliza Burrows chr. 1845 Heckfield
Samuel died in Fareham Asylum, Hampshire on 12 Jun 1875
Elizabeth d. 1853 in Chelsea
4. William White & Elizabeth Phillips
married in St George's, Hanover Square, London on 12 Jan 1827
i. William chr. 1828
ii. Emily Jane chr. 1832
iii. Henry chr. 1835
iv. George Philip chr. 1838
v. Elizabeth Maria chr. 1845
5. Thomas White & Martha M.Blackman
married in St George's, Hanover Square, London on 20 Jun 1831
i. Mary White chr. 1832 ; 1 son
ii. Maria White
iii. Emma White
iv. Martha White b.1840
v. Henry George White b. Sep Q 1845 Stepney
6. Edward White & Emma Nash
married in St George's, Hanover Square, London on 20 Jun 1833
i. Eliza White
ii Elizabeth Jane
iii Edward White
With thanks to (cousin) Miranda for much of the information on the White family
Jane (Hoskins) White may have died before her husband David as he moved between 1839 and 1841 and went to live at Eversley Cross, part of Eversley (where later Charles Kingsley came in 1842 as curate and then Rector for about 35 years, founded the village school, and is famous for 'The Water Babies' and 'Westward Ho!' among many other books). The village straggles for quite a distance along the main road from Reading to Camberley. The crossroads are very near the borders of three counties, Hampshire, Berkshire and Surrey, and the house, Kit's Croft, where he lived is a few fields to the east, quite close to the now much expanded village of Yately. In 1841 David is listed as a farmer. He died in 1842 with legacies to his children, (about which little is known) but left his possessions to a Miriam Ellis (spelt Merriam Eles in the census) aged 50 in 1841, who was living with Joshua Eles aged 30, presumably her son.
A curious coincidence is that as a direct descendant of David's - but quite unaware then of the connection - I, with my husband, lived from 1957 to the end of summer 1959 at Eversley Cross, a couple of fields or so from where David last lived. The cricket club, also only a couple of fields away,
which has its pitch on a corner of the crossroads diagonally opposite to the ancient inn of the Chequers, was begun in 1787 (and claimed to be the oldest in the country) and I spent many a weekend there or at an away match in the summer, watching or scoring for the village team for which my husband played regularly.
|1- Intro||2 - Washfield||3- Sth Combe||4-Cloggs||
5 - Sussex